Students will learn different strategies that will help them to understand the concepts of multiplication and division. Students will think of multiplication as groups of things. Fact families will help to emphasize the connection between multiplication and division. Students will learn the ideas behind the commutative, associative and distributive properties of multiplication. Over the course of the school year the students will internalize math facts to 9 x 9. Through discussions about multiplication and division the students will gain a better understanding of place value and the base ten system.

The students will learn how to use arrays, number lines, fact families, drawings to help explain the concepts of both multiplication and division. Multiplying and dividing fluently, flexibly and efficiently will help students learn to internalize multiplication facts. Repeated practice with different multiplication and division strategies will also help to internalize multiplication facts. Students need lots of experiences with all different types of strategies.

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